"Dyslexia is not a disease to have and to be cured of, but a way of thinking and learning. Often it's a gifted mind waiting to be found and taught." - Girard Sagmiller, "Dyslexia My Life"
Children with learning disabilities exhibit a wide range of symptoms. These include problems with reading, mathematics, comprehension, writing, spoken language, or reasoning abilities.
Hyperactivity, inattention and perceptual coordination may also be associated with learning disabilities but are not learning disabilities themselves. The primary characteristic of a learning disability is a significant difference between a child's achievement in some areas and his or her overall intelligence.
Learning disabilities typically affect five general areas:
Spoken language- delays, disorders, and deviations in listening and speaking.
Written language- difficulties with reading, writing and spelling.
Arithmetic- difficulty in performing arithmetic operations or in understanding basic concepts.
Reasoning- difficulty in organizing and integrating thoughts.
Memory- difficulty in remembering information and instructions.
Some of the symptoms commonly related to learning disabilities are:
- poor performance on group tests
- difficulty discriminating size, shape, color
- reversals in writing and reading
- poor visual-motor coordination
- difficulty copying accurately from a model
- slowness in completing work
- poor organizational skills
- easily confused by instructions
- difficulty with abstract reasoning and/or problem solving
- disorganized thinking
- lags in developmental milestones (e.g. motor, language)
- overly distractible; difficulty concentrating
- difficulty with tasks requiring sequencing
When considering these symptoms, it is important to remain mindful of the following:
- No one will have all these symptoms.
- Some symptoms are more common than others.
- All people have at least two or three of these problems to some degree.
- The number of symptoms seen in a particular child does not give an indication as whether the disability is mild or severe.
- It is important to consider if the behaviors are chronic and appear in clusters.
Reading Horizons teaches students of all ages to read through it’s proven literacy program If you’ve ever wondered if you, or a loved one, suffers from a learning disability like dyslexia, take this test that assesses dyslexia symptoms, phonemic awareness, and decoding skills.
Free Dyslexia Webinar: “Dyslexia: From Symptoms to Solutions,” presented by Reading Horizons Dyslexia Specialist, Shantell Berrett.